Al-Jazeerah: Cross-Cultural Understanding
News, June 2009
Honduran President, Manuel Zelaya Vows to Return Despite Threats of Arrest, UN Calls for his Re-instatement
ALBA withdraws ambassadors from Honduras
MANAGUA, June 29 (Xinhua) --
The presidents of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA) nations on Monday withdrew the ambassadors from Honduras and called on the nations of the continent to act against coup plotters in that nation, after an emergency meeting in Managua.
In a declaration read to the press by Ecuador's Foreign Minister, Fander Falconi, the leaders said the ambassadors would stay away until, "the legitimate government of President Manuel Zelaya is reinstalled in all its functions."
The declaration bears the signatures of the presidents of Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Nicaragua, and of Cuba's foreign minister.
Zelaya was seized at his official residence in the early hours of Monday morning and forced to board a plane to Costa Rica. Honduran legislators formally voted Roberto Micheletti to replace Zelaya in an emergency session that began with the reading of a resignation letter attributed to Zelaya, which Zelaya publicly said was fake.
Monday's ALBA presidents' statement said that "the only diplomatic representation in our nations" are staff appointed by Zelaya, and "by no means will staff designated by usurpers be accredited."
The declaration said the signatories would insist on the same treatment for Honduras at other multinational bodies including the Union of South American Nations, the Central American Integration System the Caribbean Economic Community, the Group of Rio and the Organization of American States.
The statement also formally declared a state of permanent alert in the ALBA nations in order to "company the brave people of Honduras in the struggle they have begun."
UN tells Honduras to reinstate president
By WILL WEISSERT ASSOCIATED PRESS WRITER
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras --
Honduras' ousted president won overwhelming international support Tuesday as he planned a high-profile return to his chaotic country. The politicians who sent soldiers to fly him into exile in his pajamas said he will be arrested for treason if he tries.
The showdown was building to a climax as the presidents of Argentina and Ecuador signed on to accompany President Manuel Zelaya and other figures on a flight to Honduras on Thursday. Attorney General Luis Alberto Rubi said Zelaya would be seized "as soon as he sets foot on Honduran soil" and face 20 years in prison on charges that also include abuse of authority.
"I'm going back to calm people down. I'm going to try to open a dialogue and put things in order," Zelaya said at the United Nations. "When I'm back, people are going to say ... `commander, we're at your service' and the army will have to correct itself. There's no other possibility."
The U.N. General Assembly voted by acclamation to demand Zelaya's immediate restoration, and the Organization of American States was meeting to consider suspending Honduras for straying from democracy.
With no international support but a significant following at home, the new Honduran leadership called thousands of flag-waving people into a downtown plaza. Soldiers fenced off the area around the presidential palace, where security forces used tear gas and water cannons Monday against Zelaya supporters, injuring and arresting dozens.
The interim president named by Congress, Roberto Micheletti, said Zelaya could be arrested for violating the constitution if he returns. He also said he would not resign no matter how intense the international pressure on Honduras becomes.
"No. I was appointed by Congress, which represents the Honduran people. Nobody can make me resign unless I break the laws of the country," Micheletti said in an interview with The Associated Press at the presidential palace.
Zelaya - whose elected term ends in 2010 - had defied the Supreme Court and called a referendum on constitutional change that opponents worried would lead to Zelaya prolonging his presidency.
Zelaya backed down from the referendum on Tuesday, saying at the United Nations that he would no longer push for the constitutional changes he had wanted.
"I'm not going to hold a constitutional assembly," he said. "And if I'm offered the chance to stay in power, I won't. I'm going to serve my four years."
He said he would then go back to being a farmer - a humble description considering the wealth he has accumulated in ranching and agribusiness.
"I come from the countryside and I'm going to go back to the countryside," he said.
But Micheletti told AP that Zelaya had already violated Honduran law and it was too late for him to avoid arrest if he returns to Honduras.
Micheletti also said he was worried about the possibility of invasion from other Latin American countries, although he did not say which ones.
But earlier Tuesday, Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Zelaya's top ally, said any aggression toward Zelaya from Micheletti's government should prompt a military intervention by the United Nations.
"We thank God for not letting democracy be interrupted in our country," Micheletti said earlier before a crowd of some 5,000 cheering supporters in white and blue, the colors of the Honduran flag. Flanked by soldiers in camouflage, he said: "The heroes of this democratic day are the soldiers."
A pro-Zelaya crowd of about equal size marched toward the presidential palace, now protected by a chain-link fence and more than 500 soldiers and police. They dispersed as rain began to fall in the late afternoon with no reports of violence - a contrast with Monday when Zelaya said more than 150 were injured and 50 arrested. Micheletti's government didn't release figures.
Micheletti's foreign minister, Enrique Ortez, threw a wild card onto the table, telling CNN en Espanol that Zelaya had been letting drug traffickers ship U.S.-bound cocaine from Venezuela through Honduras. Ortez said the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration was aware of Zelaya's ties to organized crime.
Spokesman Rusty Payne could neither confirm nor deny a DEA investigation.
The United States stood firmly by Zelaya, however, with State Department spokesman Ian Kelly saying Washington sees no acceptable solution other than Zelaya's return to power. He said the United States is considering cutting off its aid to Honduras, which includes $215 million over four years from the U.S.-funded Millennium Challenge Corporation.
Micheletti said he had no contact with any U.S. authorities since assuming the presidency.
The U.N. vote added to an avalanche of international denunciations of the military's removal of Zelaya on Sunday, which recalled the dark days of dictatorship for which Latin America was long notorious. The world body called on all 192 U.N. member states to recognize only Zelaya's government in Honduras.
The Organization of American States - whose Secretary-General Jose Miguel Insulza had agreed to accompany Zelaya back to Honduras - planned an emergency meeting in Washington hours later to reinforce the pressure to reinstate the Honduran leader.
Some members - such as Venezuela - want to suspend Honduras under an agreement meant to prevent military coups, while others - including Colombia - argue that while the OAS should condemn the coup, suspending Honduras would be interventionist.
Mexico and Colombia's conservative governments joined the region's leftist leaders in condemning Zelaya's removal. Blocked trucks began lining up along Honduras' borders as neighboring countries imposed a trade ban.
Some local television stations remained off the air and local media carried few reports of demonstrations in Zelaya's favor, apparently under government pressure. Ortez said freedom of expression was in full force but did not directly address the closure of stations or the temporary detention of journalists.
The U.S. military, which has close ties to Honduran commanders, tried to avoid getting caught up in the dispute. It ordered most of its 800 personnel to remain inside the Soto Cano air base, 60 miles (100 kilometers) north of Tegucigalpa, allowing only "mission-essential" tasks, Southern Command spokesman Jose Ruiz said in Miami.
Honduras receives about $1 million a year from the United States to fight drug trafficking and Soto Cano is a key base in the fight against drugs. There's also a contingent of DEA agents in country. U.S. and Honduran officials estimate about 100 tons of Colombian cocaine pass through Honduras annually on their way to the United States.
Associated Press writers contributing to this report include Marcos Aleman and Freddy Cuevas in Tegucigalpa, Julie Watson in Mexico City, Frank Bajak in Bogota, Ian James in Caracas, Mayra Pertossi in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Claudia Torrens at the United Nations.
Obama says ousted Zelaya remains president of Honduras
June 29, 2009
WASHINGTON (AFP) —
President Barack Obama said Monday the United States believes that ousted leader Manuel Zelaya "remains the president of Honduras" and the coup in his country was a throwback to a "dark past."
Obama addressed the political crisis in Honduras following talks with Colombia's President Alvaro Uribe and warned the coup was a backward step after two decades of "enormous" political progress" for the Western Hemisphere.
"President Zelaya was democratically elected. He had not yet completed his term," Obama told reporters.
"We believe that the coup was not legal and that President Zelaya remains the president of Honduras, the democratically elected president there.
"It would be a terrible precedent if we start moving backwards into the era in which we are seeing military coups as a means of political transition rather than democratic elections."
Obama said that the region had made "enormous strides" on democratic reform over past decades, and the Honduran situation ran counter to the prevailing trend.
"We don't want to go back to a dark past, the United States has not always stood as it should with some of these fledgling democracies," Obama said.
The president said he believed that both Republicans and Democrats now believed Washington should always stand on the side of democracies "even if the results don't always mean the leaders of those countries are favorable towards the United States."
Obama's spokesman Robert Gibbs meanwhile declined to speculate on the kind of leverage that the United States could bring to bear on the crisis, and would not say whether the president would withdraw the US ambassador to Honduras.
Leftist nations in the region including Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Cuba announced Monday they were withdrawing their ambassadors from Honduras.
Soldiers removed Zelaya from his bed early on Sunday and sent him to Costa Rica, sparking international outcry.
Zelaya's overthrow was triggered by a standoff between the president and the military and legal institutions over his bid for a vote on changing the constitution, which would allow him a stab at a second term.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton meanwhile said that the immediate US priority was to restore full democratic and constitutional order" in Honduras.
"As we move forward, all parties have a responsibility to address the underlying problems that led to yesterday's events in a way that enhance democracy and the rule of law in Honduras," Clinton added.
Zelaya, who was ousted after clashing with the military over plans to try to revise the constitution and allow him to stand for a second term, has insisted he remains the president of the Central American nation.
But interim leader Roberto Micheletti, sworn in on Sunday, has already begun naming members of his government and says he came to power by "legal process."
Fair Use Notice
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
Opinions expressed in various sections are the sole responsibility of their authors and they may not represent ccun.org.