Al-Jazeerah: Cross-Cultural Understanding
News, January 2020
Russian Air Strikes on Syrian Opposition in Idlib, Israeli Air Strikes on Syrian Army in Homs
January 15, 2020
The following news stories are just examples of the daily horrors of war in Syria. Readers can find more detailed daily news stories at the sources below as well as many other sources in the internet.
Airstrikes cause extensive damages at T-4 military Airbase in Homs
SOHR, 15/01/2020 Less than a minute
Reliable source informed the Syrian Observatory that the attack on T-4 military airbase in eastern rural Homs yesterday evening, killed at least three members of Iranian-backed militias or Iranians. The death toll is expected to rise as there are many wounded. Further fatalities were reported.
The attack, which is likely to be Israeli, destroyed an ammunition depot of Iranian militias and a building under construction in addition to two military vehicles were destroyed.
On June 3, 2019, Israeli warplanes targeted T-4 military airbase east of Homs, which hosts Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s weapons depots and military bases, the attack killed at least five persons, including a regime soldier, and others were injured to various degrees.
Idlib’s ceasefire: Russian airstrikes hit rural Ma’rat al-Numan
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitored renewed air strikes on “Putin-Erdogan” area, Wednesday morning. Russian warplanes carried out several raids on areas in Ma’ar shorin and Masaran in rural Maarat al-Numan south-east of Idlib, in a new breach of the cease-fire announced by Russia and Turkey four days ago.
Furthermore, Regime forces bombed places in Al-Ghadfa, Masaran, Abu-Jreif, Al Kana’yes and Tel Al Sheikh in east and south-east rural Idlib. No casualties were reported.
Last night, SOHR reported that Russian warplanes violated the ceasefire for the first time since came into effect on January 12, three Russian warplanes flew over the “de-escalation” zone, and targeted the vicinity of Khan Al-Subol in rural Idlib.
Russian forces deployed in Abu Rasin, separating regime forces from Turkish-backed factions
Reliable sources told the Syrian Observatory that the Russian forces were deployed today in the countryside of Abu Rasin town in Al-Hasakah city. They held on their military posts on which they raised the Russian flag, separating the regime-held areas from the areas under control of Turkey and its proxies.
On January 6, SOHR monitored that the Russian and Turkish forces conducted a new joint patrol of four Russian vehicles and three Turkish ones, in the western countryside of Al-Darbasiyah city. The patrol was launched this morning from Sherik area at the border strip and toured Salam Alik village, Otayshan, Karkand, Ta’alak, Qayrawan, Zahr Al-Arab and Al-Kesrah, then it returned again to Sherik.
SOHR sources said that “the joint patrol passed through Zahr Al-Arab checkpoint of the Internal Security Forces (Asayish).”
Idlib’s ceasefire: new violations recorded by regime forces
SOHR sources reported that a continuous calm prevailed in “Putin-Erdogan” area as the new ceasefire entered its third day. Aerial operations are still suspended in the area, Russian “guarantor” and regime warplanes are only conducting over flights in the region.
The Syrian Observatory sources added that regime forces continue to violate the cautious calm by firing missiles intermittently on Ma’rat al-Numan area and rural in particular, while jihadist groups targeted regime forces-controlled in Aleppo, Hama, Idlib and Latakia.
On Monday, the Syrian Observatory sources reported that regime’s land-based anti-aircraft in Abu Ramleh airstrip repelled drones attacks, in western rural Hama. No casualties were reported so far. Moreover, HTS targeted and destroyed a regime military bulldozer using a guided-missile in western rural Aleppo. No casualties were reported.
Syrian Opposition Factions target regime forces west of Aleppo and the regime forces shell the “de-escalation” area
13/01/2020 1 minute read
The Syrian opposition factions targeted a point of the regime forces with 14.5mm machinegun installed in it at Castillo area in the western Aleppo countryside, where the factions used a guided missile to target the point and they destroyed it. Snipers of the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them as well as snipers of the jihadi factions and organizations have been targeting each other’s in the western countryside of Aleppo.
The regime forces positioned in Shghidleh dam shelled the vicinity of al-Zerba town in the southern countryside of Aleppo. While the anti-warplanes missiles thwarting drones at Jub Ramleh airbase in the western countryside of Hama, where heavy machine guns were heard coming from positions of the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them in the garrison of the airbase, but no information about casualties so far. While activists documented the death of a girl affected by the injury she had in the regime airstrikes on Binnish city on Saturday.
A civilian died in rocket shelling carried out by the regime forces this afternoon on Maarrat al-Numan city in the southern countryside of Idlib. SOHR sources reported that one civilian killed and others injured as a result of a rocket attack carried out by regime forces on Marat al-Numan town in southern rural Idlib. Reliable sources informed the Syrian Observatory that Russian warplanes flew over both eastern and south-eastern countryside of Idlib, within “Putin – Erdogan” area.
Meanwhile, the regime forces renewed their violations to the ceasefire agreement as they fired several rocked shells on areas in Maarrat Al-Nu’man city, Telmenes town and Al-Deir Al-Gharbi village. No information about casualties has been reported yet.
HTS destroys regime vehicle west of Aleppo and Saturday’s massacre in Binnish leaves more fatalities
13/01/2020 3 minutes read
Hayyaat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) targeted a regime bulldozer in the western countryside of Aleppo with a guided missile, which destroyed it but no casualties were reported about.
Separately, SOHR activists documented the death of a girl affected by the injury she had in the regime airstrikes on Binnish city on Saturday.also a civilian died in rocket shelling carried out by the regime forces this afternoon on Maarrat Al-Nu’man city in the southern countryside of Idlib.
With the fall of more casualties, it rose to at least 1,465, the number of people who were killed since the last agreement of “Putin – Erdogan” on the 31st of August 2019, the date of start of the most violent escalation in terms of aerial and ground bombardment, shelling, and targeting since Putin – Erdogan agreement, until today, and they are: 367 civilians including 100 children and 71 citizen women, and they are 141 including 43 children and 24 women were killed in Russian aerial bombardment on the countryside of Idlib and Hama, and 21 including three women and seven children were killed in the fall of barrel bombs, and 96 including 17 children 19 women were killed in targeting by regime’s warplanes, also 92 people including 23 women and 28 children were killed in a ground shelling carried out by the regime forces, and 17 citizens including five children and two women were killed in shelling by the factions on regime forces’-controlled areas in Aleppo and its countryside and the countryside of Hama, while at least 519 fighters were killed in the Russian airstrikes and the regime’s aerial and ground shelling including 375 of the Jihadis, in addition to killing of 579 members of the regime forces in targeting and shelling by jihadi groups and factions.
It rose to at least 5,566, the number of people who were killed since the 30th of April 2019, the date of start of the most violent escalation in terms of aerial and ground bombardment, shelling, and targeting since Putin – Erdogan agreement, until today, and they are: 1,412 civilians including 360 children and 257 citizen women, and they are 367 including 87 children and 67 women, and nine of the civil defense and six of the ambulance team were killed in Russian aerial bombardment on the countryside of Idlib and Hama, and 109 including 22 women and 22 children were killed in the fall of barrel bombs, and 634 including 172 children, 109 women, and five members of the rescue teams were killed in targeting by regime’s warplanes, also 206 people including 43 women and 48 children were killed in a ground shelling carried out by the regime forces, and 97 citizens including 31 children and 16 women were killed in shelling by the factions on al-Suqaylabiyah, Qamhana, Al-Rasif, Al-Aziziyah, Karnaz, Jurin, Al-Nairab Camp, neighborhoods in Aleppo city and its southern countryside, while at least 2,184 fighters were killed in the Russian airstrikes and the regime’s aerial and ground shelling including 1,462 of the Jihadis, in addition to killing of 1,970 members of the regime forces in targeting and shelling by jihadi groups and factions.
During the period between the 15th of February 2019; the date of the meeting of “Rouhani – Erdogan – Putin” until today; the Syrian Observatory documented the death of 6,092 people in the Russian – Turkish truce areas, they are 1,695 civilians including 441 children under the age of eighteen and 321 women over the age of eighteen, they were killed in the Russian aerial bombardment and the rocket shelling by the regime forces and the factions, and among the death toll of civilians there are 123 people including 34 children under the age of eighteen and 20 citizen women over the age of eighteen, they were killed in the fall of shells launched by the factions, and 2,270 fighters were killed in different conditions within the demilitarized area since Putin – Erdogan agreement, including 1,494 fighters of the “Jihadis” and 2,127 of the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them.
While the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights documented since the start of the Russian – Turkish truce the death of 6,326 people in areas of Erdogan – Putin agreement, they are: 1,778 civilians including 470 children and 335 women, were killed in shelling by the regime forces and the militiamen loyal to them, targeting, and bombardment by warplanes, and among them there are 124 people including 34 children and 21 women, were killed in the fall of shells launched by the factions, and 2,337 fighters were killed in deferent circumstances within the demilitarized area since Putin – Erdogan agreement, including 1,598 of the “Jihadi” fighters, and 2,211 members of the regime forces and militiamen loyal to them.
Nearly 585,000 people have been killed since the beginning of the Syrian Revolution
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights
4th of January 2020
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights has documented the death of 380,636 persons across Syria since the start of the Syrian Revolution on the 15th of March 2011 to the 1st of January 2020.
A breakdown of the overall death toll is as follows:
Civilians: 115,490 Syrians, including 21,949 children under the age of eighteen and 13,612 females over the age of eighteen
Syrian fighters of rebel and Islamic factions and other various factions, movements, and organizations: 53,799
Syria Democratic Forces (SDF) and Kurdish units: 12,658
Syrian army defectors: 2,625.
Bashar al-Assad’s regime forces: 66,620; fighters of NDF and Syrian regime loyalists: 51,594; fighters of the Lebanese Hezbollah: 1,682; and gunmen of non-Syrian nationalities loyal to the regime forces of the Shiite community: 8,245, of whom, 264 were Russian soldiers and mercenaries
Turkish soldiers: 111.
Jihadis of Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (former Nusra Front), and other various jihadi organizations: 26,758
ISIS members: 37,707
Non-Syrian fighters of SDF: 930.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights was not able to document the number of deaths of the International Coalition, due to the extreme secrecy.
Unidentified people whose death was documented by pictures and videos: 417; in addition to 3,691 persons whose names were documented by SOHR in 2017.
These statistics, documented by the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, do not include the nearly 88,000 civilians killed under torture in the detention centers and prisons of Bashar al-Assad regime (SOHR obtained information about their death during the period of their detention.) The statistics also do not include the fate of more than 3,200 abducted civilians and fighters in the prisons the “Islamic State” organization, or the fate of more than 4,100 prisoners and missing members of the regime forces and loyalist militiamen, and more than 1,800 persons kidnapped by rebel and Islamic factions, “Islamic State” organization and Fateh al-Sham Front (former Jabhat Al-Nusra) on charges of loyalty to the regime.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights estimates that the real and actual number of people who were killed to be in the region of 105,000 persons, well above the numbers that the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights was able to document, simply due to the extreme secrecy on the number of casualties by the warring parties; Furthermore, the Observatory has been unable to document many civilians deaths due to the difficulty of reaching some remote areas in Syria.
Additionally, the ongoing military operations, shelling, bombardment and various explosions have injured more than 2,000,000 Syrian civilians with varying injuries, wounds and permanent disabilities.
About 12,000,000 other civilians, including hundreds of thousands of children and women were displaced. Infrastructure, hospitals, schools, and private and public property have been substantially damaged or destroyed.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also meticulously documented, in spredsheets, the death toll according to the ‘perpetrator’ category. A breakdown of total number of civilian deaths of 115,490 by the ‘perpetrator’ category is as follows:
Civilians killed by Al-Assad regime forces and Syrian and non-Syrian loyalist militiamen: 45,188 civilians, of whom 27,834 were men, 10,874 children under the age of eighteen and 66,480 females over the age of eighteen.
Bashar al-Assad’s regime warplanes and helicopter: 26,280 civilians, of whom 16,588 were men, 5,926 children under the age of eighteen and 3,766 females over the age of eighteen.
Death toll in regime detention centers and prisons: 16,152 civilians of whom 15,963 were young and old men, 125 children under the age of eighteen, and 64 females over the age of eighteen.
Death toll by foreign powers, intervening in Syria under the pretext of helping the Syrian people to achieve justice get rid of oppression, is as follows:
Russian missiles and airstrikes: 8,427 civilians, of who 5,107 were old and young men, 2,040 children under the age of eighteen and 1,280 females over the age of eighteen.
International Coalition bombardment: 3,833 civilians, of whom 2,150 were men, 972 children under the age of eighteen and 711 females over the age of eighteen.
Attacks by Turkish forces and warplanes: 993 civilians, of whom 675 are old and young men, 193 children under the age of eighteen and 125 females over the age of eighteen.
Turkish Jandarma (Border Guard Forces): 445 civilian, of whom 324 were young and old men, 79 children under the age of eighteen and 42 females over the age of eighteen.
Israel’s ground and air attacks: eight civilians, of whom three were men, three children and two women.
Death toll caused by various ‘anti-regime’ formations and groups such as ISIS, opposition factions, Syria Democratic Forces (SDF), and other groups in Syria:
Opposition factions: 7,981 civilians, of whom 6,019 were men, 1,217 children under the age of eighteen and 745 females over the age of eighteen.
ISIS: 6,183 civilians, of whom 5,266 were men, 520 children under the age of eighteen and 397 females over the age of eighteen.
Infographic shows total death toll since the beginning of the Syrian Revolution
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